Multiple myeloma is a blood disorder that originates in the bone marrow. Approximately 20,000 to 30,000 new cases of multiple myeloma are diagnosed in the United States each year. Signs and symptoms of myeloma can include: fatigue, low blood counts, abnormal calcium levels, kidney dysfunction, bone disease on imaging. Diagnosis of myeloma often requires lab testing of the blood and bone marrow.
There are many treatment options for multiple myeloma, which can include oral medications, injectable medications, IV infusions. In some patients, evaluation for bone marrow transplant is considered. Choosing treatment for an individual patient with myeloma is based on many factors, which can include: patient symptoms, patient age, lab testing, pathology results, and imaging studies.