Each year in the United States, there are approximately 900,000 cases of venous blood clots diagnosed. DVT (deep vein thrombosis) is the medical term for a blood clot in the leg vein, and PE (pulmonary embolism) is the medical term for a blood clot in the lungs. For a DVT, symptoms can include swelling, pain, and/or redness of the involved extremity. For a PE, symptoms can include chest pain, or shortness of breath. Some of the common risk factors for thrombosis include: immobility, certain types of surgery, congenital/inherited disorders, blood abnormalities found on blood testing, and malignancy. Diagnosis of DVT or PE is typically made with imaging studies (e.g. ultrasound or CT scan).
Standard treatment of a venous blood clot is anticoagulation (use of “blood thinners”). There are various anticoagulants that can potentially be used as treatment. Evaluation by a physician will help determine which anticoagulant should be prescribed for an individual patient.